C H I L D E S Protomorphology

Filler between two lexical items: (uh is used to represent schwa here)

22.0  [22.0b2] close uh door  0.8sec
5:09     S: c(l)ose uh door?
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22.0  [22.0a3] cross uh street  4.5sec
5:02     S:  c(r)oss uh street.
                 cross the ^street.
            D: cross the ^street.
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22.0  [22.0a2] down duh slide  1.4sec
7:44     S: down nuh s(l)ide..
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22.0  [22.0b2]  down duh stairs  2.8sec
0:54     D:  say, "down the stairs".
            S:  down nuh ^stairs.
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22.0  [22.0b2]  wash uh face  1.0sec
8:16     S: wash uh face?
 

Proto-wanna:

22.0  [22.0b1]  wn swing  1.6sec
7:23     S: wn ^swing?
                 wuh ^swing?
 

Filler preceding 2(+) lexical syllables:

22.0  [22.0a1]  n ge'up  1.0sec
2:26     S: ng ge(t) ^up?
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23.0  [23.0a3] m pullit  0.7sec
5:48     S: m ^pull it?
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23.0  [23.0b1]  n closeit  2.0sec
0:44     S: ng close it?
0:57         wa-a close it?
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24.0  [24.0b2]  n get out?  1.0sec
3:37     S: wa get ^out?
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24.0  [24.0b2]  n go potty  1.2sec
5.53     S: ng go' uh ^potty?
 

Proto-wannawith  proto-article:

22.0  [22.0a1]  n close the door 1.4sec
5:36     S: ng cwose uh ^door?
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23.0  [23.0a3]  wa brush a ^teef  1.0sec
1:00     S:  wuh brutsh  uh ^teef?
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23.0  [23.0b1]  n see uhclock  1.1sec
3.20     S:  wn see uh c(l)ock?
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25.0  [25.0b3]  unna pu' na one  1.6sec
9:52     S:  uhnna pu' ^no[ther] one.
 

um(ma):

25.2  [25.2a2]  um throw blocks  2.6sec
1:31     S:  \m frow d\ bwocks-  s\ more?
 

Protosubject:

25.0  [25.0a1]  uh empty there 2.8sec
5:01     S:  uh ^empty ^dere.
            D:  it's ^empty there. that's right.
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25.0  [25.0a2]  uh help you  0.8sec
9:46     S:  uhhelp you?
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25.0  [25.0b2]  uh take it off  1.8sec
3.52     S:  uh take ^off?
 

Protoarticle in (proto)prepositional phrase:

25.0  [25.0a3]  diaper on uh floor 1.6sec
4:31     S:  diaper n\ ^floor.
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25.0  [25.0b2]  uh hold onnuh beads  1.6sec
3:28     S: uh hold onnuh ^beads?
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25.0  [25.0b2]  help put uh tree  1.6sec
5:50     S: help pu(t) uh ^tree!
 
 

Protomorphological recognition criteria:

  • Acquiring some distributional and phonological characteristics of adult functors.
  • Individual fillers may be associated with classes of target morphemes (protodeterminers, protoauxiliaries), but these classes are not yet internally differentiated.
  • Fillers in different syntactic positions becoming increasingly distinguishable on phonological grounds.
  • Some fillers are multisyllabic amalgams modelled on frequently occurring clumps of target functors (e.g. wanna,  umma,didja).